Synthesis, characterisation and solution thermal behaviour of a family of poly (N-isopropyl acrylamide-co-N-hydroxymethyl acrylamide) copolymers

Saeed, Abdirahman, Georget, Dominique and Mayes, Andrew (2010) Synthesis, characterisation and solution thermal behaviour of a family of poly (N-isopropyl acrylamide-co-N-hydroxymethyl acrylamide) copolymers. Reactive and Functional Polymers, 70 (4). pp. 230-237. ISSN 1873-166X

Full text not available from this repository. (Request a copy)

Abstract

Thermo-responsive copolymers of poly (N-isopropyl acrylamide-co-N-hydroxymethyl acrylamide)p(NIPAAm-co-HMAAm) with a range of content of hydroxy groups have been synthesised by free radical polymerisation. The polymers were characterised by NMR, FTIR and GPC. A detailed study of the solution thermal properties showed that polymers with up to about 50 wt.% hydroxy monomer show lower critical solution temperature (LCST) properties in water. Polymers with higher hydroxy monomer content are fully soluble at all temperatures up to 100 °C. The effect of pH, salts and solvent additives on the solution thermal behaviour of the copolymers was investigated, showing that “salting-out” salts lowered the LCST and “salting-in” salts caused an initial increase in LCST at low concentrations, but reduced LCST at higher concentrations, in line with the Hoffmeister series. The LCST of any copolymer composition from this family in pure water can be predicted from the empirical equation; LCST = 0.015x2 + 0.25x + 31.76, where x is the fraction of the hydroxy monomer. Due to differences in polarity and the length of the carbon chain, methanol and ethanol altered LCST of p(NIPAAm) and its hydroxyl copolymers in different manners, showing a transition from cononsolvency to cosolvency as the hydroxy content of the copolymer increased. A more complex polyhydroxy compound, sucrose, had very little effect on LCST for either p(NIPAAm) or its hydroxyl copolymers.

Item Type: Article
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Science > School of Chemistry
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Rachel Smith
Date Deposited: 23 Mar 2011 12:14
Last Modified: 21 Apr 2020 17:04
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/26993
DOI: 10.1016/j.reactfunctpolym.2009.12.004

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item