City-wide relationships between green spaces, urban land use and topography

Davies, Richard G. ORCID:, Barbosa, Olga, Fuller, Richard A., Tratalos, Jamie, Burke, Nicholas, Lewis, Daniel, Warren, Philip H. and Gaston, Kevin J. (2008) City-wide relationships between green spaces, urban land use and topography. Urban Ecosystems, 11 (3). pp. 269-287. ISSN 1573-1642

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The growing proportion of human populations living in urban areas, and consequent trends of increasing urban expansion and densification fuel a need to understand how urban form and land use affect environmental quality, including the availability of urban green spaces. Here we use Sheffield as a case study of city-wide relationships between urban green space extent, quality (vegetation cover and tree-cover), and gradients in urban form and topography. The total area of buildings and length of the road network are equally strong negative predictors of extent of green space, while the former predictor is a more important negative influence upon green space quality. Elevation positively influences extent of green space but negatively influences tree-cover. In contrast, slope of terrain positively influences green space quality and is the best predictor of tree-cover. Overall housing density is a more important negative predictor of extent of green space and tree-cover than the densities of individual housing types. Nevertheless, the latter are more important influences upon levels of vegetation cover. Threshold effects of densities of different housing types suggest opportunities for optimising green space quality, with implications for housing policy. Variation in ecological quality of green space may partly reflect different historical intensities of industrial activity.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: sdg 11 - sustainable cities and communities,sdg 15 - life on land ,/dk/atira/pure/sustainabledevelopmentgoals/sustainable_cities_and_communities
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Science > School of Biological Sciences
UEA Research Groups: Faculty of Science > Research Centres > Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Conservation
Faculty of Science > Research Groups > Organisms and the Environment
Depositing User: EPrints Services
Date Deposited: 01 Oct 2010 13:36
Last Modified: 16 May 2023 00:31
DOI: 10.1007/s11252-008-0062-y

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