The co-application of earthworms (Dendrobaena veneta) and compost to increase hydrocarbon losses from diesel contaminated soils

Hickman, ZA and Reid, BR (2008) The co-application of earthworms (Dendrobaena veneta) and compost to increase hydrocarbon losses from diesel contaminated soils. Environment International, 34 (7). pp. 1016-1022. ISSN 1873-6750

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Abstract

The feasibility of using composted civic waste for the remediation of a soil contaminated with petroleum hydrocarbons (extractable petroleum hydrocarbons (EPH) 10 ± 1.8 g kg- 1 and total 16 USEPA PAH 1.62 ± 0.5 g kg- 1) was assessed. The effects of compost to soil ratio, in combination with and without earthworm presence (Dendrobaena veneta), upon the loss of contaminants were determined for EPH (GC-FID) and PAH (GC-MS), respectively. Increasing the ratio of compost substrate to hydrocarbon impacted soil (1:0.5, 1:1, 1:2 and 1:4 (soil:compost wt/wt)) in the absence of earthworms resulted in significantly (p < 0.05) greater losses of both EPH and SPAH after an 84 d incubation period, when compared to the soil only control. Where earthworms were present without compost, EPH losses were significantly (p < 0.05) enhanced in the soil only treatment (33.4 ± 5.3% residual) compared to the soil only control (54.4 ± 5.3% residual). However, PAH loss in the soil only treatment (with-earthworm presence) were only slightly enhanced (65.3 ± 9.3% residual), with respect to the soil only control (69.2 ± 6.4% residual). Synergistic benefits of both earthworm and compost presence were most significant for PAHs (p < 0.05), and less so for EPH. 14C-respirometer studies, to establish catabolic competence in terms of microbial mineralisation of key hydrocarbons, complemented the hydrocarbon analysis.

Item Type: Article
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Science > School of Environmental Sciences
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Rosie Cullington
Date Deposited: 25 Feb 2011 11:49
Last Modified: 24 Jul 2019 15:06
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/24729
DOI: 10.1016/j.envint.2008.03.004

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