Distribution, status and conservation of the Bengal Florican Houbaropsis bengalensis in Cambodia

Gray, Thomas N. E., Collar, Nigel J., Davidson, Peter J. A., Dolman, Paul M. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9340-2791, Evans, Tom D., Fox, Harry N., Chamnan, Hong, Borey, Ro, Kim Hout, Seng and van Zalinge, Robert N. (2009) Distribution, status and conservation of the Bengal Florican Houbaropsis bengalensis in Cambodia. Bird Conservation International, 19 (1). pp. 1-14. ISSN 1474-0001

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The Bengal Florican is a 'Critically Endangered' bustard (Otididae) restricted to India, Nepal and southern Indochina. Fewer than 500 birds are estimated to remain in the Indian subcontinent, whilst the Indochinese breeding population is primarily restricted to grasslands surrounding the Tonle Sap lake, Cambodia. We conducted the first comprehensive breeding season survey of Bengal Florican within the Tonle Sap region (19,500 km2). During 2005/06 and 2006/07 we systematically sampled 1-km squares for territorial males. Bengal Florican were detected within 90 1-km squares at a mean density of 0.34 males km-2 which, accounting for unequal survey effort across grassland blocks, provides a mean estimate of 0.2 males km-2. Based on 2005 habitat extent, the estimated Tonle Sap population is 416 adult males (333 - 502 ± 95% CI), more than half of them in Kompong Thom province. Tonle Sap grasslands are rapidly being lost due to intensification of rice cultivation and, based on satellite images, we document declines of 28% grassland cover within 10 grassland blocks between January 2005 and March 2007. Based on mean 2005 population densities the remaining grassland may support as few as 294 adult male florican, a decline of 30% since 2005. In response to these habitat declines almost 350 km2 of grassland have been designated as protected areas, set aside for biodiversity and local livelihoods. Conservation activities in these areas include participatory land-use zoning, patrols reporting new developments to government officials, awareness-raising and incentive-led nest protection schemes.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: ecology, evolution, behavior and systematics,ecology,nature and landscape conservation,sdg 15 - life on land ,/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1100/1105
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Science > School of Environmental Sciences
UEA Research Groups: Faculty of Science > Research Centres > Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Conservation
Faculty of Science > Research Groups > Environmental Biology
Faculty of Science > Research Groups > Resources, Sustainability and Governance (former - to 2018)
Depositing User: Rosie Cullington
Date Deposited: 23 Feb 2011 09:43
Last Modified: 16 Jan 2023 10:30
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/24364
DOI: 10.1017/S095927090800765X

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