Factors affecting sorghum protein digestibility

Duodu, K, Taylor, JRN, Belton, Peter and Hamaker, BR (2003) Factors affecting sorghum protein digestibility. Journal of Cereal Science, 38 (2). pp. 117-131.

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Abstract

In the semi-arid tropics worldwide, sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) is cultivated by farmers on a subsistence level and consumed as food by humans. A nutritional limitation to its use is the poor digestibility of sorghum protein when wet cooked. The factors affecting wet cooked sorghum protein digestibility may be categorised into two main groups: exogenous factors (grain organisational structure, polyphenols, phytic acid, starch and non-starch polysaccharides) and endogenous factors (disulphide and non-disulphide crosslinking, kafirin hydrophobicity and changes in protein secondary structure). All these factors have been shown to influence sorghum protein digestibility. More than one factor may be at play at any time depending on the nature or the state in which the sorghum grain is; that is whether whole grain, endosperm, protein body preparation, high-tannin or condensed-tannin-free. It is proposed that protein crosslinking may be the greatest factor that influences sorghum protein digestibility. This may be between ?- and ß-kafirin proteins at the protein body periphery, which may impede digestion of the centrally located major storage protein, a-kafirin, or between ?- or ß-kafirin and a-kafirin

Item Type: Article
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Science > School of Chemistry
Depositing User: Rachel Smith
Date Deposited: 24 Feb 2011 10:22
Last Modified: 21 Apr 2020 20:31
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/21272
DOI: 10.1016/S0733-5210(03)00016-X

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