Growth and poverty reduction in Ethiopia: Evidence from household panel surveys

Bigsten, Arne, Kebede, Bereket ORCID:, Shimeles, Abebe and Taddesse, Mekonnen (2003) Growth and poverty reduction in Ethiopia: Evidence from household panel surveys. World Development, 31 (1). pp. 87-106. ISSN 0305-750X

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The paper investigates the impact of growth on poverty in Ethiopia by analysing panel data covering 1994–97, a period of economic recovery driven by peace, good weather, and much improved macroeconomic management. The analysis of poverty shows land ownership, education, type of crops planted, occupations in urban areas, dependency ratios, and location to be important determinants. The characteristics of households that fell into or escaped from poverty are examined; in addition, the profile of those that remained poor during the period (the “chronic” poor) is looked at. In rural areas, the cultivation of a nontraditional export crop (chat) has significantly improved the welfare of households. Primary education plays a more important role in improving welfare in urban than in rural areas. Decomposition of changes in poverty into growth and redistribution components indicates that potential poverty reduction due to the increase in real per capita income was to some extent counteracted by worsening income distribution. The implications of the results for a propoor policy are discussed.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: sdg 1 - no poverty ,/dk/atira/pure/sustainabledevelopmentgoals/no_poverty
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Social Sciences > School of Global Development (formerly School of International Development)
UEA Research Groups: Faculty of Social Sciences > Research Groups > Impact Evaluation
Faculty of Social Sciences > Research Groups > Gender and Development
Faculty of Social Sciences > Research Groups > Experimental Economics (former - to 2017)
Faculty of Social Sciences > Research Centres > Centre for Behavioural and Experimental Social Sciences
Depositing User: Vishal Gautam
Date Deposited: 01 Jan 2003
Last Modified: 27 Oct 2023 00:40
DOI: 10.1016/S0305-750X(02)00175-4

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