Cognitive Mechanisms Underlying the Emotional Effects of Bias Modification

Hoppitt, L, Mathews, A, Yiend, J and Mackintosh, B (2010) Cognitive Mechanisms Underlying the Emotional Effects of Bias Modification. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 24 (3). pp. 312-325. ISSN 0888-4080

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In this study we assessed the cognitive mechanisms underlying the affective consequences of modifying emotional processing biases. During ‘active’ training participants selected either threatening or non-threatening meanings of emotionally ambiguous words, in contrast to ‘passive’ conditions in which participants read unambiguous words with equivalent valenced meanings. Both methods enhanced access to training-congruent primed emotional meanings, as assessed in a lexical decision task, although neither method displayed evidence of an induced interpretive bias as it is usually understood. However, consistent with previous research, the methods differed in their emotional consequences: Active training had greater effects on anxiety while viewing an accident video than did passive exposure. We interpret these results to suggest that both forms of training enhance priming of a valenced category, but only active conditions induce an implicit production rule to generate and/or select emotional meanings, and that it is this latter process that is critical to the modification of emotionality. Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Item Type: Article
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Norwich Medical School
Faculty of Social Sciences > School of Psychology
Depositing User: EPrints Services
Date Deposited: 25 Nov 2010 11:13
Last Modified: 23 Oct 2022 01:28
DOI: 10.1002/acp.1678

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