Low density lipoprotein from patients with Type 2 diabetes increases expression of monocyte matrix metalloproteinase and ADAM metalloproteinase genes

Worley, Joanna R., Hughes, David A., Dozio, Nicoletta, Gavrilovic, Jelena ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5312-1784 and Sampson, Mike J. (2007) Low density lipoprotein from patients with Type 2 diabetes increases expression of monocyte matrix metalloproteinase and ADAM metalloproteinase genes. Cardiovascular Diabetology, 6. ISSN 1475-2840

Full text not available from this repository. (Request a copy)

Abstract

Aims: Type 2 diabetes is characterised by increased plasma concentrations of pro-inflammatory cytokines [such as tumour necrosis factor – alpha; TNF-α] and soluble forms of adhesion molecules involved in leukocyte – endothelial interactions. These molecules are synthesised as transmembrane proteins and the plasma soluble forms are generated by ectodomain cleavage from the cell surface by members of the ADAM [a d isintegrin a nd m etalloproteinase] proteinase family. We hypothesised that plasma low density lipoprotein [LDL] from subjects with Type 2 diabetes would influence in vitro monocytic ADAM and matrix metalloproteinase [MMP] gene expression differently compared to control LDL. Methods: We examined relative mRNA expression by real time PCR in a monocytic cell line [THP-1] cultured for 4, 8 and 24 hrs with human plasma LDL derived from subjects with [n = 5] or without [n = 4] Type 2 diabetes. Gene expression for MMP-1 and 9, and ADAM – 8, 15, 17 and 28 was studied. Results: Type 2 diabetes LDL significantly increased gene expression of MMP – 1 [p < 0.01] MMP – 9 [p < 0.001], and ADAM 17 [p < 0.05], – 28 [p < 0.01] and – 15 [p < 0.01] compared to control LDL. Type 2 diabetes LDL had disparate effects on inhibitors of MMP. Conclusion: These data suggest that Type 2 diabetes LDL could lead to increased adhesion molecule and TNF alpha cell surface shedding, and vascular plaque instability, by promoting increased expression of ADAM and MMP genes.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: sdg 3 - good health and well-being ,/dk/atira/pure/sustainabledevelopmentgoals/good_health_and_well_being
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Science > School of Biological Sciences
Depositing User: EPrints Services
Date Deposited: 01 Oct 2010 13:36
Last Modified: 24 Oct 2022 01:35
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/152
DOI: 10.1186/1475-2840-6-21

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item