Emerging infectious disease leads to rapid population decline of common British birds

Robinson, Robert A., Lawson, Becki, Toms, Mike P., Peck, Kirsi M., Kirkwood, James K., Chantrey, Julian, Clatworthy, Innes R., Evans, Andy E., Hughes, Laura A., Hutchinson, Oliver C., John, Shinto K., Pennycott, Tom W., Perkins, Matthew W., Rowley, Peter S., Simpson, Vic R., Tyler, Kevin M. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0647-8158 and Cunningham, Andrew A. (2010) Emerging infectious disease leads to rapid population decline of common British birds. PLoS One, 5 (8). ISSN 1932-6203

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Abstract

Emerging infectious diseases are increasingly cited as threats to wildlife, livestock and humans alike. They can threaten geographically isolated or critically endangered wildlife populations; however, relatively few studies have clearly demonstrated the extent to which emerging diseases can impact populations of common wildlife species. Here, we report the impact of an emerging protozoal disease on British populations of greenfinch Carduelis chloris and chaffinch Fringilla coelebs, two of the most common birds in Britain. Morphological and molecular analyses showed this to be due to Trichomonas gallinae. Trichomonosis emerged as a novel fatal disease of finches in Britain in 2005 and rapidly became epidemic within greenfinch, and to a lesser extent chaffinch, populations in 2006. By 2007, breeding populations of greenfinches and chaffinches in the geographic region of highest disease incidence had decreased by 35% and 21% respectively, representing mortality in excess of half a million birds. In contrast, declines were less pronounced or absent in these species in regions where the disease was found in intermediate or low incidence. Also, populations of dunnock Prunella modularis, which similarly feeds in gardens, but in which T. gallinae was rarely recorded, did not decline. This is the first trichomonosis epidemic reported in the scientific literature to negatively impact populations of free-ranging non-columbiform species, and such levels of mortality and decline due to an emerging infectious disease are unprecedented in British wild bird populations. This disease emergence event demonstrates the potential for a protozoan parasite to jump avian host taxonomic groups with dramatic effect over a short time period.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2010 Robinson et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Uncontrolled Keywords: sdg 3 - good health and well-being ,/dk/atira/pure/sustainabledevelopmentgoals/good_health_and_well_being
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Norwich Medical School
UEA Research Groups: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Research Groups > Gastroenterology and Gut Biology
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Research Centres > Metabolic Health
Depositing User: EPrints Services
Date Deposited: 25 Nov 2010 11:12
Last Modified: 19 Oct 2023 00:36
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/14990
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0012215

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