How medical students demonstrate their professionalism when reflecting on experience

Howe, Amanda, Barrett, Ann and Leinster, Sam (2009) How medical students demonstrate their professionalism when reflecting on experience. Medical Education, 43 (10). pp. 942-951. ISSN 1365-2923

Full text not available from this repository. (Request a copy)


Objectives: This paper aims to examine the discourses used by students in a formal assessment of their ability to demonstrate professional values when reflecting on their experiences. Methods: We carried out a discourse analysis of 50 randomly selected essays from a summative assessment undertaken by all five year groups of students in one UK medical school. Results: Students were able to identify a wealth of relevant examples and to articulate key principles of professional practice. They were also able to critique behaviours and draw appropriate conclusions for their own intended professional development. Detailed textual analysis provided linguistic clues to the depth of apparent reflection: recurrent use of rhetorical language with minimal use of first-person reflections, lack of analysis of underlying factors, and simplistic views of solutions may all indicate students whose ability to learn by reflection on experience needs further development. There were also areas in which cohorts as a whole appeared to have a limited grasp of the important professional issues being addressed. Conclusions:  Assessing written reflections is a useful way of making students link their experiences with professional development. The detailed analysis of language usage may help to refine marking criteria, and to detect students and course components where reflective learning competencies are not being achieved.

Item Type: Article
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Norwich Medical School
UEA Research Groups: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Research Groups > Health Services and Primary Care
Depositing User: EPrints Services
Date Deposited: 25 Nov 2010 11:12
Last Modified: 12 Jan 2023 10:30
DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2923.2009.03456.x

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item