A network biology model of micronutrient related health

van Ommen, Ben, Fairweather-Tait, Susan ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1413-5569, Freidig, Andreas, Kardinaal, Alwine, Scalbert, Augustin and Wopereis, Suzan (2008) A network biology model of micronutrient related health. British Journal of Nutrition, 99 Suppl 3 (S.3). S72-80. ISSN 0007-1145

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Micronutrients are involved in specific biochemical pathways and have dedicated functions in the body, but they are also interconnected in complex metabolic networks, such as oxidative-reductive and inflammatory pathways and hormonal regulation, in which the overarching function is to optimise health. Post-genomic technologies, in particular metabolomics and proteomics, both of which are appropriate for plasma samples, provide a new opportunity to study the metabolic effects of micronutrients in relation to optimal health. The study of micronutrient-related health status requires a combination of data on markers of dietary exposure, markers of target function and biological response, health status metabolites, and disease parameters. When these nutrient-centred and physiology/health-centred parameters are combined and studied using a systems biology approach with bioinformatics and multivariate statistical tools, it should be possible to generate a micronutrient phenotype database. From this we can explore external factors that define the phenotype, such as lifestage and lifestyle, and the impact of genotype, and the results can also be used to define micronutrient requirements and provide dietary advice. New mechanistic insights have already been developed using biological network models, for example genes and protein-protein interactions in the aetiology of type 2 diabetes mellitus. It is hoped that the challenge of applying this approach to micronutrients will, in time, result in a change from micronutrient oriented to a health oriented views and provide a more holistic understanding of the role played by multiple micronutrients in the maintenance of homeostasis and prevention of chronic disease, for example through their involvement in oxidation and inflammation.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: biological markers,humans,metabolism,micronutrients,models, biological,nutritional physiological phenomena,nutritional requirements,systems biology,sdg 3 - good health and well-being ,/dk/atira/pure/sustainabledevelopmentgoals/good_health_and_well_being
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Norwich Medical School
UEA Research Groups: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Research Groups > Nutrition and Preventive Medicine
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Research Groups > Musculoskeletal Medicine
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Research Centres > Lifespan Health
Depositing User: EPrints Services
Date Deposited: 25 Nov 2010 11:11
Last Modified: 19 Oct 2023 00:45
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/13879
DOI: 10.1017/S0007114508006922

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