Synthesis, Characterization, and Reactivity of Lanthanide Complexes with Bulky Silylallyl Ligands

Woodman, TJ, Schormann, M and Bochmann, M (2003) Synthesis, Characterization, and Reactivity of Lanthanide Complexes with Bulky Silylallyl Ligands. Israel Journal of Chemistry, 42 (4). pp. 283-293. ISSN 1869-5868

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Abstract

The synthesis of new lanthanide allyl complexes of enhanced stability and solubility in saturated hydrocarbons based on silyl-substituted allyl ligands is reported. Thus the potassium salt K(CH2CHCHSiMe3) ( 1 ) reacts with YCl3 in tetrahydrofuran to give the tris-allyl complex Y(CH2CHCHSiMe3)3 ( 2 ), while K(CH2CHCHSiMe2tBu) ( 3 ) affords Y(CH2CHCHSiMe2tBu)3(THF)1.5 ( 4 ). Slow re-crystallization of 4 from light petroleum in the presence of tert-butylcyanide led to multiple insertion to give the sec-amido complex Y{NHC(tBu)(CH)3SiMe2tBu}2{?2-NHC(tBu)CH=CHCH2SiMe2tBu)CH(CHCHSiMe2tBu)CtBuNH}(THF)·(CH3CH(Me)(CH2)2CH3) ( 5 ), which was crystallographically characterized. The reaction of ScCl3(THF)3 with two equivalents of Li{1,3-C3H3(SiMe3)2} in tetrahydrofuran gives the bis-allyl complex {1,3-C3H3(SiMe3)2}2Sc(µ-Cl)2Li(THF)2 ( 6 ), while the analogous reaction of K{1,3-C3H3(SiMe3)2} ( 7 ) with either LaCl3 or YCl3 in tetrahydrofuran affords the bis-allyl complexes MCl{1,3-C3H3(SiMe3)2}2(THF)x (8, M = La, x = 1; 9, M = Y, x = 0). An attempt to prepare the similar neodymium complex gave the mono-allyl complex NdI2{1,3-C3H3(SiMe3)2}(THF)1.25 ( 10 ). The reactions of 8 and 9 with triisobutyl aluminum in benzene-d6 show allyl exchange between lanthanide and aluminum. Complexes 8 , 9 , and 10 have been tested with a variety of activator systems as catalysts for the polymerization of 1,3-butadiene.

Item Type: Article
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Science > School of Chemistry
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Rachel Smith
Date Deposited: 02 Nov 2010 17:48
Last Modified: 24 Jul 2019 16:52
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/10488
DOI: 10.1560/JL3X-DXE1-CD6R-FCB0

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