Bridging the gap: 40Ar/39Ar dating of volcanic eruptions from the ‘Age of Discovery’

Preece, Katie, Mark, Darren F., Barclay, Jenni, Cohen, Benjamin E., Chamberlain, Katy J., Jowitt, Claire, Vye-Brown, Charlotte, Brown, Richard J. and Hamilton, Scott (2018) Bridging the gap: 40Ar/39Ar dating of volcanic eruptions from the ‘Age of Discovery’. Geology, 46 (12). pp. 1035-1038. ISSN 0091-7613

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    Abstract

    Many volcanoes worldwide still have poorly resolved eruption histories, with the date of the last eruption often undetermined. One such example is Ascension Island, where the timing of the last eruption, and consequently, the activity status of the volcano, is unclear. Here, we use the 40Ar/39Ar dating technique to resolve ages of the three youngest lava flows on the island, which are hawaiites and mugearite with 1.5 – 1.9 wt% K2O. In dating these lavas, we provide the first evidence of Holocene volcanic activity on Ascension (0.51 ± 0.18ka; 0.55 ± 0.12 ka; 1.64 ± 0.37 ka), determining that it should be classed as an active volcanic system. In addition, we demonstrate that the 40Ar/39Ar method can reproducibly date mafic lava flows younger than 1 ka, decreasing the gap between recorded history and geological dating. These results offer new prospects for determining patterns of late-Holocene volcanic activity; critical for accurate volcanic hazard assessment.

    Item Type: Article
    Faculty \ School: Faculty of Science > School of Environmental Sciences
    Faculty of Arts and Humanities > School of History
    Depositing User: LivePure Connector
    Date Deposited: 28 Nov 2018 12:30
    Last Modified: 01 Jan 2019 20:30
    URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/69062
    DOI: 10.1130/G45415.1

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