Apparent Splitting of S Waves Propagating Through an Isotropic Lowermost Mantle

Parisi, Laura, Ferreira, Ana M. G. and Ritsema, Jeroen (2018) Apparent Splitting of S Waves Propagating Through an Isotropic Lowermost Mantle. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 123 (5). pp. 3909-3922. ISSN 2169-9313

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    Observations of shear wave anisotropy are key for understanding the mineralogical structure and flow in the mantle. Several researchers have reported the presence of seismic anisotropy in the lowermost 150–250 km of the mantle (i.e., D urn:x-wiley:jgrb:media:jgrb52636:jgrb52636-math-0002 layer), based on differences in the arrival times of vertically (SV) and horizontally (SH) polarized shear waves. By computing waveforms at a period > 6 s for a wide range of 1‐D and 3‐D Earth structures, we illustrate that a time shift (i.e., apparent splitting) between SV and SH may appear in purely isotropic simulations. This may be misinterpreted as shear wave anisotropy. For near‐surface earthquakes, apparent shear wave splitting can result from the interference of S with the surface reflection sS. For deep earthquakes, apparent splitting can be due to the S wave triplication in D urn:x-wiley:jgrb:media:jgrb52636:jgrb52636-math-0003, reflections off discontinuities in the upper mantle, and 3‐D heterogeneity. The wave effects due to anomalous isotropic structure may not be easily distinguished from purely anisotropic effects if the analysis does not involve full waveform simulations.

    Item Type: Article
    Uncontrolled Keywords: shear wave splitting,d' layer,mantle anisotropy,core‐mantle boundary,lowermost mantle
    Faculty \ School: Faculty of Science > School of Environmental Sciences
    Related URLs:
    Depositing User: Pure Connector
    Date Deposited: 06 Jun 2018 15:31
    Last Modified: 09 Apr 2019 13:26
    DOI: 10.1002/2017JB014394

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