The maltreatment-violence link: Exploring the role of maltreatment experiences and other individual and social risk factors among young people who offend

Malvaso, Catia, Delfabbro, Paul, Day, Andrew and Nobes, Gavin (2018) The maltreatment-violence link: Exploring the role of maltreatment experiences and other individual and social risk factors among young people who offend. Journal of Criminal Justice, 55. pp. 35-45.

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    Abstract

    Objective: This study investigated the extent to which violent offending in a population of young people detained in secure care facilities is related to variations in child maltreatment after controlling for other known individual and social correlates of crime. Method: Official child protection and youth justice records and survey information for 1819 young people were analyzed. Measures included: maltreatment factors (including type, timing and recurrence); out-of-home care placement factors (including type, age at first placement, stability and duration of placements); social factors (including family and peer risk indicators); and individual factors (including factors relating to intelligence and education, substance use, mental health problems, and behavior). Gender and cultural background were also investigated as potential moderating factors. Logistic regression was used to determine the independent effect of maltreatment factors on violent convictions in the presence of other risk factors. Results: Persistent maltreatment was a consistent predictor of violent convictions. Other independent predictors included: aggression, anger, Indigenous status, and male gender, with household conflict also approaching significance. Conclusion: Collaborative and integrated responses from both child protection and juvenile justice may be needed if comprehensive violence prevention strategies are to be developed for young offenders.

    Item Type: Article
    Uncontrolled Keywords: maltreatment,out-of-home care,youth offending,violence,anger,aggression
    Faculty \ School: Faculty of Social Sciences > School of Psychology
    Depositing User: Pure Connector
    Date Deposited: 21 Feb 2018 10:30
    Last Modified: 26 Jul 2018 10:17
    URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/66323
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jcrimjus.2018.01.006

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