Wittgensteinian 'Therapy', Experimental Philosophy, and Metaphilosophical Naturalism

Fischer, Eugen (2017) Wittgensteinian 'Therapy', Experimental Philosophy, and Metaphilosophical Naturalism. In: Wittgenstein and Naturalism. Routledge, New York and Abingdon, pp. 260-286. ISBN 9781138236868

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Abstract

An important strand of current experimental philosophy promotes a new kind of methodological naturalism. This chapter argues that this new ‘metaphilosophical naturalism’ is fundamentally consistent with key tenets of Wittgenstein’s metaphilosophy, and can provide empirical foundations for therapeutic conceptions of philosophy. Metaphilosophical naturalism invites us to contribute to the resolution of philosophical problems about X by turning to scientific findings about the way we think about X – in general or when doing philosophy. This new naturalism encourages us to use resources from psychology that can empirically vindicate precisely some of the most controversial aspects of Wittgenstein’s conception of philosophy: They can establish the need, and provide key tools, for something worth calling ‘therapy’, in philosophy. As ‘pudding proof’ this chapter shows how methods and findings from psycholinguistics motivate and facilitate a therapeutic approach to a characteristically philosophical problem: ‘the problem of perception’.

Item Type: Book Section
Uncontrolled Keywords: wittgenstein,experimental philosophy,naturalism,philosophy of philosophy,therapeutic philosophy,philosophical therapy
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Arts and Humanities > School of Politics, Philosophy, Language and Communication Studies
University of East Anglia > Faculty of Arts and Humanities > Research Groups > Philosophy
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Depositing User: Pure Connector
Date Deposited: 24 Jan 2018 16:30
Last Modified: 22 Apr 2019 00:48
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/66069
DOI:

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