Intergroup contact as an agent of cognitive liberalization

Hodson, Gordon, Crisp, Richard, Meleady, Rose and Earle, Megan (2018) Intergroup contact as an agent of cognitive liberalization. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 13 (5). pp. 523-548. ISSN 1745-6916

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    Abstract

    Intergroup contact is widely recognized as one of the most validated methods of improving attitudes toward outgroups. Yet what is intergroup contact “good for” beyond this function? To answer this question we take a panoramic view of the literature, beginning with the recognition that contact is multifaceted in both form (e.g., face-to-face, indirect, simulated) and outcome (e.g., attitudes, cognition, behavior). Taking this highly inclusive view of what contact “is” and what contact “does” suggests that it plays a fundamental role in the shaping of human cognition. An increasingly diverse body of research demonstrates that contact exerts a generalizing reaction across target outgroups, making respondents less inward looking and more open to experiences, it shapes ideology regarding how the world ought to operate (i.e., ideologies about social hierarchy or regulation), and over time can promote new ways of problem-solving, enhance cognitive flexibility, and foster creativity. For these reasons we believe that contact is a key liberalizing agent that shapes human cognition and experience; as such, contact theory should now share the stage with other prominent theories (e.g., cognitive dissonance) that speak to a broader understanding of human nature.

    Item Type: Article
    Faculty \ School: Faculty of Social Sciences > School of Psychology
    Depositing User: Pure Connector
    Date Deposited: 19 Dec 2017 06:07
    Last Modified: 11 Apr 2019 15:54
    URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/65757
    DOI: 10.1177/1745691617752324

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