A communal catalogue reveals Earth’s multiscale microbial diversity

Thompson, Luke, Sanders, Jon, McDonald, Daniel, Amir, Amnon, Ladau, Joshua, Locey, Kenneth, Prill, Robert, Tripathi, Anupriya, Gibbons, Sean, Ackermann, Gail, Navas-Molina, Jose, Janssen, Stefan, Kopylova, Evguenia, Vázquez-Baeza, Yoshiki, González, Antonio, Morton, James, Mirarab, Siavash, Zech Xu, Zhenjiang, Jiang, Lingjing, Haroon, Mohamed F., Kanbar, Jad, Zhu, Qiyun, Song, Se Jin, Kosciolek, Tomasz, Bokulich, Nicholas, Lefler, Joshua, Brislawn, Colin, Humphrey, Gregory, Owens, Sarah, Hampton-Marcell, Jarrad, Berg-Lyons, Donna, McKenzie, Valerie, Fierer, Noah, Fuhrman, Jed, Clauset, Aaron, Stevens, Rick, Shade, Ashley, Pollard, Katherine, Goodwin, Kelly, Jansson, Janet, Gilbert, Jack, Knight, Robert and Robinson, Carol (2017) A communal catalogue reveals Earth’s multiscale microbial diversity. Nature, 551. 457–463. ISSN 0028-0836

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    Abstract

    Our growing awareness of the microbial world’s importance and diversity contrasts starkly with our limited understanding of its fundamental structure. Despite recent advances in DNA sequencing, a lack of standardized protocols and common analytical frameworks impedes comparisons among studies, hindering the development of global inferences about microbial life on Earth. Here we present a meta-analysis of microbial community samples collected by hundreds of researchers for the Earth Microbiome Project. Coordinated protocols and new analytical methods, particularly the use of exact sequences instead of clustered operational taxonomic units, enable bacterial and archaeal ribosomal RNA gene sequences to be followed across multiple studies and allow us to explore patterns of diversity at an unprecedented scale. The result is both a reference database giving global context to DNA sequence data and a framework for incorporating data from future studies, fostering increasingly complete characterization of Earth’s microbial diversity.

    Item Type: Article
    Faculty \ School: Faculty of Science > School of Environmental Sciences
    Depositing User: Pure Connector
    Date Deposited: 15 Nov 2017 06:06
    Last Modified: 09 Apr 2019 12:46
    URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/65442
    DOI: 10.1038/nature24621

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