Intergroup Bias in Group Judgment Processes: The Role of Behavioral Memories

Sherman, Jeffrey W., Klein, Stanley B., Laskey, Adrienne and Wyer, Natalie A. (1998) Intergroup Bias in Group Judgment Processes: The Role of Behavioral Memories. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 34 (1). pp. 51-65. ISSN 0022-1031

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Abstract

Two experiments examined the role of memory for behavioral episodes in judgments about in-groups and out-groups. Using a minimal group paradigm, participants read either positive or negative trait-relevant behaviors performed by group members. They then were asked to make judgments about the group's trait characteristics. Results demonstrated that for groups described positively, judgments about the out-group but not the in-group were accomplished by retrieving from memory specific behaviors performed by group members. In contrast, for groups described negatively, judgments about the in-group but not the out-group were accomplished by retrieving specific behaviors performed by group members. These results suggest that basic differences in the way judgments about in-groups and out-groups are made contribute to the establishment and perpetuation of intergroup bias by decreasing the stability of negative in-group and positive out-group impressions and increasing the stability of positive in-group and negative out-group impressions. (C) 1998 Academic Press.

Item Type: Article
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Social Sciences > School of Psychology
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Pure Connector
Date Deposited: 21 Mar 2017 01:42
Last Modified: 25 Jul 2018 13:26
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/63043
DOI: 10.1006/jesp.1997.1342

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