Intergenerational social mobility and leisure-time physical activity in adulthood: a systematic review

Elhakeem, Ahmed, Hardy, Rebecca, Bann, David, Caleyachetty, Rishi, Cosco, Theodore D, Hayhoe, Richard PG, Muthuri, Stella G, Wilson, Rebecca and Cooper, Rachel (2017) Intergenerational social mobility and leisure-time physical activity in adulthood: a systematic review. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health, 71 (7). pp. 673-680. ISSN 0143-005X

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    Abstract

    Aim: To systematically review the association between intergenerational social mobility and leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) in adulthood, in order to assess all published evidence relating to the hypothesis that adults socially mobile between childhood and adulthood will have different levels of LTPA than those in the same socioeconomic group across life. Methods: A systematic review was carried out following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. Studies were identified by searching databases (MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO) and reference lists. Eligible studies examined associations between any indicator of social mobility, based on at least one measure of parental socioeconomic position (SEP) and one measure of own adult SEP, and LTPA in adulthood. Results: 13 studies comprising a total of 44 000 participants from the UK, Finland, Sweden, Australia, USA and Brazil were included. Participants were aged 16–70 years and were from population-based surveys, occupational cohorts and primary care registries. Most studies (n=9) used occupational class measures to identify social mobility; education (n=4) and income (n=1) were also used. There was consistent evidence in nine of the 13 studies that stable high socioeconomic groups tended to report the highest levels of participation in LTPA and stable low socioeconomic groups the lowest. Upward and downwardly mobile groups participated in LTPA at levels between these stable groups. Conclusions: Cumulative exposure to higher SEP in childhood and adulthood was associated with higher LTPA in adulthood. Thus, a potential outcome of policies and interventions which aim to minimise exposure to socioeconomic adversity may be increased LTPA among adults.

    Item Type: Article
    Additional Information: This is an Open Access article distributed in accordance with the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt and build upon this work, for commercial use, provided the original work is properly cited. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
    Faculty \ School: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Norwich Medical School
    Depositing User: Pure Connector
    Date Deposited: 21 Dec 2016 00:02
    Last Modified: 23 Jan 2019 14:04
    URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/61789
    DOI: 10.1136/jech-2016-208052

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