Bottom-up effects of climate on fish populations:Data from the continuous plankton recorder

Pitois, Sophie G., Lynam, Christopher P., Jansen, Teunis, Halliday, Nick and Edwards, Martin (2012) Bottom-up effects of climate on fish populations:Data from the continuous plankton recorder. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 456. pp. 169-186. ISSN 0171-8630

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Abstract

The Continuous Plankton Recorder (CPR) dataset on fish larvae has an extensive spatio-temporal coverage that allows the responses of fish populations to past changes in climate variability, including abrupt changes such as regime shifts, to be investigated. The newly available dataset offers a unique opportunity to investigate long-term changes over decadal scales in the abundance and distribution of fish larvae in relation to physical and biological factors. A principal component analysis (PCA) using 7 biotic and abiotic parameters is applied to investigate the impact of environmental changes in the North Sea on 5 selected taxa of fish larvae during the period 1960 to 2004. The analysis revealed 4 periods of time (1960-1976; 1977-1982; 1983-1996; 1997-2004) reflecting 3 different ecosystem states. The larvae of clupeids, sandeels, dab and gadoids seemed to be affected mainly by changes in the plankton ecosystem, while the larvae of migratory species such as Atlantic mackerel responded more to hydrographic changes. Climate variability seems more likely to influence fish populations through bottom-up control via a cascading effect from changes in the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) impacting on the hydrodynamic features of the North Sea, in turn impacting on the plankton available as prey for fish larvae. The responses and adaptability of fish larvae to changing environmental conditions, particularly to changes in prey availability, are complex and species-specific. This complexity is enhanced with fishing effects interacting with climate effects and this study supports furthering our understanding of such interactions before attempting to predict how fish populations respond to climate variability.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: climate change,continuous plankton recorder,cpr,first feeding,fish larvae,north sea ecosystem
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Science > School of Environmental Sciences
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Pure Connector
Date Deposited: 27 May 2016 17:00
Last Modified: 05 Sep 2018 12:31
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/59119
DOI: 10.3354/meps09710

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