Prototypes and particulars:Geometric and experience-dependent spatial categories

Spencer, John P. and Hund, Alycia M. (2002) Prototypes and particulars:Geometric and experience-dependent spatial categories. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 131 (1). pp. 16-37. ISSN 0096-3445

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Abstract

People use geometric cues to form spatial categories. This study investigated whether people also use the spatial distribution of exemplars. Adults pointed to remembered locations on a tabletop. In Experiment 1, a target was placed in each geometric category, and the location of targets was varied. Adults' responses were biased away from a midline category boundary toward geometric prototypes located at the centers of left and right categories. Experiment 2 showed that prototype effects were not influenced by cross-category interactions. In Experiment 3, subsets of targets were positioned at different locations within each category. When prototype effects were removed, there was a bias toward the center of the exemplar distribution, suggesting that common categorization processes operate across spatial and object domains.

Item Type: Article
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Social Sciences > School of Psychology
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Pure Connector
Date Deposited: 13 Nov 2015 17:02
Last Modified: 26 Jul 2018 14:31
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/55279
DOI: 10.1037/0096-3445.131.1.16

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