Chemical analysis, chronology, and context of a European glass bead assemblage from Garumele, Niger

Robertshaw, Peter, Wood, Marilee, Haour, Anne, Karklins, Karlis and Neff, Hector (2014) Chemical analysis, chronology, and context of a European glass bead assemblage from Garumele, Niger. Journal of Archaeological Science, 41. 591–604. ISSN 0305-4403

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Abstract

Garumele, also known as Wudi, in the Republic of Niger, is reputed to have been a capital of the Kanem Borno ‘empire’ and was visited by various European travelers in the 19th century. However, despite historical documents and a few radiocarbon dates, its date of settlement and occupation remain unclear. Forty-four of a morphologically very varied assemblage of 106 glass beads recovered during excavations were chemically analyzed using LA-ICP-MS. There were two main objectives for these analyses: first, to clarify the chronology of occupation, and secondly to gain an insight into the nature and extent of the connections of its inhabitants with the wider world. Comparisons with both the chemistry and morphology of other published bead assemblages indicate that all the beads are of European origin, probably Venetian and/or Dutch, and that most belong to the later 17th or 18th centuries.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: laser ablation,icp-ms,glass,beads,garumele,niger,artefact sourcing,provenance
Faculty \ School: ?? SRU ??
University of East Anglia > Faculty of Arts and Humanities > Research Centres > Centre for African Art and Archaeology
University of East Anglia > Faculty of Arts and Humanities > Research Centres > Sainsbury Research Unit for the Arts of Africa, Oceania and the Americas
Depositing User: Pure Connector
Date Deposited: 08 Oct 2014 09:46
Last Modified: 25 Jul 2018 10:05
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/50310
DOI: 10.1016/j.jas.2013.08.023

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