Methanobactin and MmoD work in concert to act as the 'copper-switch' in methanotrophs

Semrau, Jeremy D, Jagadevan, Sheeja, Dispirito, Alan A, Khalifa, Ashraf, Scanlan, Julie, Bergman, Brandt H, Freemeier, Brittani C, Baral, Bipin S, Bandow, Nathan L, Vorobev, Alexey, Haft, Daniel H, Vuilleumier, Stéphane and Murrell, J Colin (2013) Methanobactin and MmoD work in concert to act as the 'copper-switch' in methanotrophs. Environmental Microbiology, 15 (11). pp. 3077-3086. ISSN 1462-2912

Full text not available from this repository. (Request a copy)

Abstract

Biological oxidation of methane to methanol by aerobic bacteria is catalysed by two different enzymes, the cytoplasmic or soluble methane monooxygenase (sMMO) and the membrane-bound or particulate methane monooxygenase (pMMO). Expression of MMOs is controlled by a 'copper-switch', i.e. sMMO is only expressed at very low copper : biomass ratios, while pMMO expression increases as this ratio increases. Methanotrophs synthesize a chalkophore, methanobactin, for the binding and import of copper. Previous work suggested that methanobactin was formed from a polypeptide precursor. Here we report that deletion of the gene suspected to encode for this precursor, mbnA, in Methylosinus trichosporium OB3b, abolishes methanobactin production. Further, gene expression assays indicate that methanobactin, together with another polypeptide of previously unknown function, MmoD, play key roles in regulating expression of MMOs. Based on these data, we propose a general model explaining how expression of the MMO operons is regulated by copper, methanobactin and MmoD. The basis of the 'copper-switch' is MmoD, and methanobactin amplifies the magnitude of the switch. Bioinformatic analysis of bacterial genomes indicates that the production of methanobactin-like compounds is not confined to methanotrophs, suggesting that its use as a metal-binding agent and/or role in gene regulation may be widespread in nature.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2013 John Wiley & Sons Ltd and Society for Applied Microbiology.
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Science > School of Environmental Sciences
Depositing User: Pure Connector
Date Deposited: 10 Feb 2014 15:28
Last Modified: 16 Oct 2018 17:31
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/47527
DOI: 10.1111/1462-2920.12150

Actions (login required)

View Item