Putting context into organizational intervention design:Using tailored questionnaires to measure initiatives for worker well-being

Nielsen, Karina, Abildgaard, Johan Simonsen and Daniels, Kevin (2014) Putting context into organizational intervention design:Using tailored questionnaires to measure initiatives for worker well-being. Human Relations, 67 (12). pp. 1537-1560. ISSN 0018-7267

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    Abstract

    Realistic evaluation emphasizes the importance of exploring the mechanisms through which organizational interventions are effected. A well-known mechanism in organizational interventions is the screening process. Standardized questionnaires, in popular use, neither consider individuals’ appraisals of working conditions nor the specific context of the workplace. Screening with items tailored to intervention contexts may overcome the limitations of standardized questionnaires. In the present study, we evaluate an approach to develop a tailored questionnaire to measure employees’ appraisals of their specific working conditions. First, we interviewed 56 employees and 17 managers and, later, developed tailored items focused on the working conditions in a postal service. In follow-up interviews, we explore participants’ experiences with the tailored questionnaire, including the development of initiatives, compared to their previous experiences with the company´s annual attitude survey that used standardized scales. Results indicated that participants felt the tailored questionnaire highlighted issues that had previously been ignored, that initiatives were easier to develop due to its specificity, and that the feedback strategy was useful in prioritizing questionnaires. Overall, it can be concluded that tailored questionnaires may be appropriate for use in organizational intervention research and more broadly that evaluations of organizational interventions need to be contextually grounded.

    Item Type: Article
    Uncontrolled Keywords: questionnaire development,cognitive mapping,cognitive appraisal theory,validation,context,organizational intervention,realistic evaluation,critical realism
    Faculty \ School: Faculty of Social Sciences > Norwich Business School
    Depositing User: Pure Connector
    Date Deposited: 11 Feb 2014 09:44
    Last Modified: 03 Dec 2018 01:00
    URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/47522
    DOI: 10.1177/0018726714525974

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