The impacts of climate change on Africa

Hulme, Mike, Conway, Declan, Kelly, PM, Subak, Susan and Downing, TE (1995) The impacts of climate change on Africa. Working Paper - Centre for Social and Economic Research on the Global Environment. ISSN 0967-8875

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Abstract

This paper considers the problem of determining future climate change in Africa due to human modification of the global atmosphere. Some of the main conclusions may be summarised as follows: Natural climate variability in Africa, particularly rainfall, is large. This variability can be manifest regionally as severe droughts on yearly time-scales or as more prolonged desiccation over one or more decades. The nature of future climate change for Africa is not known with any great confidence. Climate change scenarios have been constructed here in a systematic manner making clear their assumptions and uncertainties, but it remains impossible to attach specific probabilities to them. There is a paucity of detailed climate change impact case studies for Africa. The level of vulnerability of African societies to climate change depends on their present-day vulnerability which is determined by their economic, political and institutional capabilities. Future demographic changes in Africa and the development path the continent pursues will determine the eventual significance of global warming for Africa. The scope for alternative African emissions trajectories to significantly alter global warming rates over the next 100 yr is very limited.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: anthropogenic emission,climate change,developing region,forecast problem,global warming,human impact,man-environment relations,rainfall variability,uncertainty,vulnerability,africa
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Science > School of Environmental Sciences
University of East Anglia > Faculty of Science > Research Centres > Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research
University of East Anglia > Faculty of Social Sciences > Research Groups > Climate Change
University of East Anglia > Faculty of Science > Research Centres > Water Security Research Centre
Faculty of Social Sciences > School of International Development
Depositing User: Pure Connector
Date Deposited: 09 Dec 2013 14:06
Last Modified: 25 Jul 2018 09:06
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/45585
DOI:

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