Stratospheric modulation of the Boreal response to Pliocene tropical Pacific sea surface temperatures

Joshi, Manoj and Brierley, Christopher (2013) Stratospheric modulation of the Boreal response to Pliocene tropical Pacific sea surface temperatures. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 365. pp. 1-6. ISSN 0012-821X

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Abstract

Variations in the sea surface temperature of the Eastern Equatorial Pacific, usually associated with the El Niño Southern Oscillation, have a global impact. Previous work has shown that the stratosphere modulates the Northern Hemisphere response to these temperature anomalies. Here, we show that the stratosphere also plays a major role in modulating the response to tropical sea surface temperature anomalies representative of the mean state of the Pliocene era, approximately four million years ago. Key to the response is a predominance of sudden stratospheric warmings during boreal winter, which cause a large anomalous surface pressure response over the North Atlantic Ocean. The stratospheric modulation results in relatively cold winter/spring Eurasian surface temperatures and relatively warm surface temperatures in Greenland and North America. The implications of these results for simulating and understanding the climate of the Pliocene era are discussed.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: pliocene,climate modelling,stratosphere,arctic climate
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Science > School of Environmental Sciences
University of East Anglia > Faculty of Science > Research Centres > Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research
University of East Anglia > Faculty of Science > Research Groups > Climatic Research Unit
University of East Anglia > Faculty of Science > Research Groups > Volcanoes@UEA
University of East Anglia > Faculty of Science > Research Groups > Marine and Atmospheric Sciences
University of East Anglia > Faculty of Science > Research Groups > Meteorology, Oceanography and Climate Dynamics
University of East Anglia > Faculty of Science > Research Groups > Climate, Ocean and Atmospheric Sciences
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Depositing User: Pure Connector
Date Deposited: 05 Nov 2013 17:00
Last Modified: 25 Jul 2018 08:48
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/44236
DOI: 10.1016/j.epsl.2013.01.015

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