Autosomal Dominant Hypercalciuria in a Mouse Model Due to a Mutation of the Epithelial Calcium Channel, TRPV5

Loh, Nellie Y., Bentley, Liz, Dimke, Henrik, Verkaart, Sjoerd, Tammaro, Paolo, Gorvin, Caroline M., Stechman, Michael J., Ahmad, Bushra N., Hannan, Fadil M., Piret, Sian E., Evans, Helen, Bellantuono, Ilaria, Hough, Tertius A., Fraser, William D., Hoenderop, Joost G. J., Ashcroft, Frances M., Brown, Steve D. M., Bindels, Rene J. M., Cox, Roger D. and Thakker, Rajesh V. (2013) Autosomal Dominant Hypercalciuria in a Mouse Model Due to a Mutation of the Epithelial Calcium Channel, TRPV5. PLoS One, 8 (1). ISSN 1932-6203

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Abstract

Hypercalciuria is a major cause of nephrolithiasis, and is a common and complex disorder involving genetic and environmental factors. Identification of genetic factors for monogenic forms of hypercalciuria is hampered by the limited availability of large families, and to facilitate such studies, we screened for hypercalciuria in mice from an N-ethyl-N-nitrosourea mutagenesis programme. We identified a mouse with autosomal dominant hypercalciuria (HCALC1). Linkage studies mapped the Hcalc1 locus to a 11.94 Mb region on chromosome 6 containing the transient receptor potential cation channel, subfamily V, members 5 (Trpv5) and 6 (Trpv6) genes. DNA sequence analysis of coding regions, intron-exon boundaries and promoters of Trpv5 and Trpv6 identified a novel T to C transition in codon 682 of TRPV5, mutating a conserved serine to a proline (S682P). Compared to wild-type littermates, heterozygous (Trpv5) and homozygous (Trpv5) mutant mice had hypercalciuria, polyuria, hyperphosphaturia and a more acidic urine, and ~10% of males developed tubulointerstitial nephritis. Trpv5 mice also had normal plasma parathyroid hormone but increased 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D concentrations without increased bone resorption, consistent with a renal defect for the hypercalciuria. Expression of the S682P mutation in human embryonic kidney cells revealed that TRPV5-S682P-expressing cells had a lower baseline intracellular calcium concentration than wild-type TRPV5-expressing cells, suggesting an altered calcium permeability. Immunohistological studies revealed a selective decrease in TRPV5-expression from the renal distal convoluted tubules of Trpv5 and Trpv5 mice consistent with a trafficking defect. In addition, Trpv5 mice had a reduction in renal expression of the intracellular calcium-binding protein, calbindin-D, consistent with a specific defect in TRPV5-mediated renal calcium reabsorption. Thus, our findings indicate that the TRPV5 S682P mutant is functionally significant and study of HCALC1, a novel model for autosomal dominant hypercalciuria, may help further our understanding of renal calcium reabsorption and hypercalciuria.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2013 Loh et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Science > School of Environmental Sciences
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Norwich Medical School
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Depositing User: Pure Connector
Date Deposited: 25 Sep 2013 02:00
Last Modified: 15 Jul 2019 11:30
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/43444
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0055412

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