Associations between eating frequency, adiposity, diet, and activity in 9-10 year old healthy-weight and centrally obese children

Jennings, Amy, Cassidy, Aedín, van Sluijs, Esther M F, Griffin, Simon J and Welch, Ailsa A (2012) Associations between eating frequency, adiposity, diet, and activity in 9-10 year old healthy-weight and centrally obese children. Obesity, 20 (7). pp. 1462-8. ISSN 1930-739X

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Abstract

The rising prevalence of childhood obesity is a key public health issue worldwide. Increased eating frequency (EF) is one aspect of diet that has been beneficially associated with obesity, although the mechanisms are unclear. The aims of the current study were to determine whether increased EF was associated with improved adiposity in children, and if this was due to differences in dietary and activity behaviors. Cross-sectional data from 1,700 children aged 9-10 year were analyzed to examine the associations between EF, as estimated from diet diaries, measures of adiposity, and activity measured by accelerometer. Analyses were stratified by obesity status using waist-to-height ratio to define obesity as it has been shown to be a good predictor of adverse health outcomes. Mean EF was 4.3 occasions/day and after adjustment for underreporting, energy intake (EI), and activity significant relative mean differences of -2.4% for body weight (P = 0.001), -1.0% for BMI (P = 0.020), -33% for BMI z-score (P = 0.014), and -0.6% for waist circumference (P = 0.031) per increase in eating occasion were found in healthy-weight but not centrally obese children. Differences between the extreme quartiles of EF were observed for total fat intake at breakfast (-18%, P

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: adiposity,body mass index,child,cross-sectional studies,diet,diet records,energy intake,female,great britain,humans,male,motor activity,obesity,obesity, abdominal,patient compliance,questionnaires,waist circumference
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > Norwich Medical School
Depositing User: Users 2731 not found.
Date Deposited: 12 Feb 2012 21:40
Last Modified: 23 Jan 2019 13:31
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/37034
DOI: 10.1038/oby.2012.72

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