Prediction of mono- and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon degradation in spiked soils using cyclodextrin extraction

Allan, Ian J., Semple, Kirk T., Hare, Rina and Reid, Brian J. (2006) Prediction of mono- and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon degradation in spiked soils using cyclodextrin extraction. Environmental Pollution, 144 (2). pp. 562-571. ISSN 1873-6424

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Abstract

In this study, an aqueous-based hydroxypropyl-ß-cyclodextrin (HPCD) extraction technique was assessed for its capacity to determine the microbially degradable fraction of mono- and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in four dissimilar soils. A linear relationship (slope = 0.90; R2 = 0.89), approaching 1:1 between predicted and observed phenanthrene mineralization, was demonstrated for the cyclodextrin extraction; however, the water only extraction underestimated the microbially available fraction by a factor of three (slope = 3.35; R2 = 0.64). With respect to determining the mineralizable fraction of p-cresol in soils, the cyclodextrin extraction (slope = 0.94; R2 = 0.84) was more appropriate than the water extraction (slope = 1.50; R2 = 0.36). Collectively, these results suggested that the cyclodextrin extraction technique was suitable for the prediction of the mineralizable fraction of representative PAHs and phenols present in dissimilar soils following increasing soil-contaminant contact times. The assessment of the microbial availability of contaminants in soils is important for a more representative evaluation of soil contamination. An aqueous-based HPCD extraction technique was more appropriate than the water extraction in prediction of the mineralizable fraction of phenanthrene and p-cresol present in a range of dissimilar soils.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: pahs,phenols,biodegradation,hpcd extraction,prediction
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Science > School of Environmental Sciences
Depositing User: Rachel Snow
Date Deposited: 08 Jun 2011 13:14
Last Modified: 11 Jun 2019 09:30
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/32042
DOI: 10.1016/j.envpol.2006.01.026

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