Alternative scenarios to meet the demands of sustainable waste management

Bovea, MD and Powell, JC (2006) Alternative scenarios to meet the demands of sustainable waste management. Journal of Environmental Management, 79 (2). pp. 115-132.

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Abstract

This paper analyses different alternatives for solid waste management that can be implemented to enable the targets required by the European Landfill and Packaging and Packaging Waste Directives to be achieved in the Valencian Community, on the east coast of Spain. The methodology applied to evaluate the environmental performance of each alternative is Life Cycle Assessment (LCA). The analysis has been performed at two levels; first, the emissions accounted for in the inventory stage have been arranged into impact categories to obtain an indicator for each category; and secondly, the weighting of environmental data to a single unit has been applied. Despite quantitative differences between the results obtained with four alternative impact assessment methods, the same preference ranking has been established: scenarios with energy recovery (1v and 2v) achieve major improvements compared to baseline, with scenario 1v being better than 2v for all impact assessment methods except for the EPS'00 method, which obtains better results for scenario 2v. Sensitivity analysis has been used to test some of the assumptions used in the initial life cycle inventory model but none have a significant effect on the overall results. As a result, the best alternative to the existing waste management system can be identified.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: sustainable waste management,life cycle assessment,lca
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Science > School of Environmental Sciences
University of East Anglia > Faculty of Science > Research Centres > Centre for Social and Economic Research on the Global Environment (CSERGE)
University of East Anglia > Faculty of Science > Research Groups > Resources, Sustainability and Governance
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Depositing User: Rosie Cullington
Date Deposited: 24 Jan 2011 10:57
Last Modified: 30 Aug 2018 15:30
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/19635
DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2005.06.005

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