Characterisation of myo-inositol hexakisphosphate deposits from larval Echinococcus granulosus

Casaravilla, Cecilia, Brearley, Charles, Soule, Silvia, Fontana, Carolina, Veiga, Nicolas, Beisso, Maria I., Ferreira, Fernando, Kremer, Carlos and Diaz, Alvaro (2006) Characterisation of myo-inositol hexakisphosphate deposits from larval Echinococcus granulosus. FEBS Journal, 273 (14). pp. 3192-3203. ISSN 1742-4658

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Abstract

The abundant metabolite myo-inositol hexakisphosphate (InsP6) can form vesicular deposits with cations, a widespread phenomenon in plants also found in the cestode parasite, Echinococcus granulosus. In this organism, the deposits are exocytosed, accumulating in a host-exposed sheath of extracellular matrix termed the laminated layer. The formation and mobilization of InsP6 deposits, which involve precipitation and solubilization reactions, respectively, cannot yet be rationalized in quantitative chemical terms, as the solids involved have not been formally described. We report such a description for the InsP6 deposits from E. granulosus, purified as the solid residue left by mild alkaline digestion of the principal mucin component of the laminated layer. The deposits are largely composed of the compound Ca5H2L·16H2O (L representing fully deprotonated InsP6), and additionally contain Mg2+ (6–9% molar ratio with respect to Ca2+), but not K+. Calculations employing recently available chemical constants show that the precipitation of Ca5H2L·16H2O is predicted by thermodynamics in secretory vesicle-like conditions. The deposits appear to be similar to microcrystalline solids when analysed under the electron microscope; we estimate that each crystal comprises around 200 InsP6 molecules. We calculate that the deposits increase, by three orders of magnitude, the surface area available for adsorption of host proteins, a salient ability of the laminated layer. The major inositol phosphate in the deposits, other than InsP6, is myo-inositol (1,2,4,5,6) pentakisphosphate, or its enantiomer, inositol (2,3,4,5,6) pentakisphosphate. The compound appears to be a subproduct of the intracellular pathways leading to the synthesis and vesicular accumulation of InsP6, rather than arising from extracellular hydrolysis of InsP6.

Item Type: Article
Faculty \ School: Faculty of Science > School of Biological Sciences
Depositing User: EPrints Services
Date Deposited: 01 Oct 2010 14:38
Last Modified: 08 Apr 2019 16:30
URI: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/1179
DOI: 10.1111/j.1742-4658.2006.05328.x

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